Volume 21, Issue 2, Summer 2018, Page 7-268

Investigating the Difficulties Faced by Iraqi EFL Students Teachers in the Practicum Teaching Phase

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2018, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 7-27

The necessity for more and well qualified teachers of English in Iraq is greater than ever before, due to the fact that without English proficiency, professionals in mostly all sectors of community are blocked from career advancement and self development. Accordingly all difficulties and obstacles that are likely to hinder the promotion of skilled language teacher preparation should be carefully investigated and then treated and terminated.
In agreement with the idea that language teaching profession like all of education, is faced with accountability issues that call for improved teacher preparation as a means of improving students language learning, the present paper investigates and classifies the different problems faced by EFL student teachers during practicum which aiming at calling attention to these difficulties and their negative impact on EFL teacher preparation, which in turn affects EFL learning all over Iraq.
The population of the study consists of student teachers at the Iraqi Colleges of Education / Departments of English during their field of experience at schools, while the sample includes student teachers at the College of Education University of Babylon/ Department of English during the academic year 2016 – 2017. They were (128) student teachers practicing their practicum teaching at different intermediate and secondary schools in Babylon.
The results of the study proved that student teachers at the departments of English of the colleges of education in general do face real problems that are related to different categories. And that these problems affect the teaching performance of student teachers during practicum.
In light of the study findings, a set of remedial recommendations are presented .

The impact of redundancy in the script cohesion lexical approach in light of the sermon Imam Sajjad (AS) in the Levant

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2018, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 91-110

wadar albahth fi al'iitar alkulli li'anmat alttakrar wa'athariha fi alttamasuk alnnasi, min khilal aistintaq alkhitab watahlilih mutamaththilanaan bikhutbat al'iimam zayn aleabdyn (e) fi qasr yazyd, walssaey 'iilaa bina' muqarabat manhajiat lilttamasuk min khilal aistiratijiaat alttakrari, walladhi yattakhidh aishkalaan mukhtalifatan waghayr mutawaqqieatin.
The search in the introduction and pave eating definition of redundancy language and idiomatically, and demonstrate the impact of redundancy in the text cohesion, and three points are:
First, the voice repetition: repeating, which included weight, Anagram.
Second: the formal repetition: which included a total repetition (repeating the word, and repeat the phrase), the partial repetition.
Third: semantic repetition: which included redundancy Remember relations and lexical structures in it: almost synonymously and inclusion and inclusion and contrast.
And repetition substantive and where: semantic field, and re-drafting, to seal research conclusion included the most important results, including:
The one-word within the text did not respond Sorry, but there are deliberate deliberately employed in order to build a coherent and effective text.
2-mentioned redundancy in the sermon of Imam (AS) in approximately thirty-one percent after, distributor semantic relations between diverse unevenly.
3-The total voice repetition and more repetition means Ttriza of the text, and the surface is achieved congruence between text and reality, and it supports the text coherence and Tmaskh.othbt applied research Oncbh repetition take multiple pictures in completed texts.