Volume 16, Issue 1, Winter 2013, Page 7-350
The World is a Cancer Eating Itself Away": A Study on Robin Soans' Verbatim Play Talking to Terrorists.
for humanities sciences al qadisiya,
2013, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 7-26
The present study aims at analyzing the elaboration of the theme of terrorism in Robin Soans' (1946- ) Verbatim play Talking to Terrorists (2005). In this play, Soans presents terrorism in its different forms, tactics, and effects through making not only the terrorists to speak but also the individuals who had certain experiences with terrorism. Moreover, the play attempts to raise questions and solutions of how to control the plague that has been always responsible for reaping lives for nothing.
There is no universal issue attracted Man's attention, interest, curiosity, fear or even argumentation as it happened and is happening with the issue of terrorism. This might be attributed to the way terrorism is firmly linked to human life, fears, emotions, actions and reactions that used to be hidden before and now are all exposed. Actually the interest in terrorism is related to the sort of belief and thinking that dominates every nation and the various ideologies that control (or manipulate) it in dealing with internal or external affairs. As such, terrorism, which is based on conflict, is also responsible for creating conflicts inside nations as well all over the world and its condition as the direct outcome of wars and violent practices and damages. Some look at terrorism as a suitable means to serve announced or hidden agendas. Others view terrorism as a harmful action with catastrophic consequences because, sometimes it is only innocent people are entangled without any particular guilt just because they belong to a certain nation or a specific religious trend or even because they possess a particular political belief. The argumentation of this subject is rather a complex one to view or to discuss because it varies as the variety of human population and because "One culture's murderer is another's martyr [and] revolutionaries also can be freedom fighters."2 Whether this or that, terrorism in the 21th century started to take a certain form: it is to be the motto of rejection or disapproval to the practices of some powers or regimes in authority. Thus, to provide a compact definition of terrorism is still a matter of debate, but those who are anti-terrorists agree on the general frame of terrorism as:
for humanities sciences al qadisiya,
2013, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 27-38
Discourse markers are words and phrases that help to develop ideas and relate them to one another. Most of them are formal and used when speaking in formal context or when presenting complicated information in discourse. They contribute to discourse cohesion and coherence. They express different relationships between ideas. Without sufficient discourse markers in any discourse (especially in interviews) a discourse would not seem logically constructed and the connection between the different utterances would not be obvious. Also, using too much of them, or using them unnecessarily, can make a discourse sound too heavy and 'artificial'. They are important, but must only be used when necessary. This paper investigates discourse markers as one of the functional types of insertion in English. It analyzes discourse markers in interviews according to syntactic, semantic and pragmatic functions. This shows that the formal nature of interviews discourse requires variety and almost all the types of discourse markers frequently. It is also shown that discourse markers fulfill a number of discourse and interpersonal functions, which may contribute greatly to the coherent flow of the discourse.