Volume 13, Issue 1, Winter 2010, Page 7-326

The Problematic Use of Infinitive in English

Sami Basheer Matrood

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 19-36

AbstractThe study aims at verifying the source of difficulty in using the infinitive as a verb complement. To be used out of the context depending on the grammar-based rules, the infinitive, paying much more attention on the use of the full- infinitive, represents an error of verb complementation. Memorizing lists of verbs with their verb complementation as a before and after relation, even though possible, would be futile for the contextually competent use of the target language, English. As EFL learners, fourth year students at the department of English, College of Education, University of Al- Qadissiya face a problem in knowing when to use the infinitive with certain verbs that are possibly to be followed by infinitive, bare or full, gerund or either. To be more specific, they confuse the use of full-infinitive with that of the gerund as a verb complement in the sense that verbs in English have certain semantic implications or properties, that are contextually based ones, according to which the verb complements have to be selected. This does not mean that EFL learners do not confront a difficulty in the use of the infinitive as a verb complement with other verb forms, such as bare-infinitive or past participle but with the gerund is a remarkable error. Accordingly, the study sheds light on the head verbs, main verbs, and their possible verb complementation for different grammarians to be the base of analyzing EFL learners' recognition of the use of the full-infinitive as a complement. It also shows how significant for EFL learners to know the communicative implication of using the full-infinitive in contrast with that of the gerund for being semantically driven use. Finally, the conclusion sums up the findings of the study.

Insertion Sequences in English and Arabic Religious Texts: A Contrastive Study

Jenan Atiya Muftin

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 7-18

AbstractThe paper deals with the structure of insertion sequences in conversation in both English and Arabic languages. Insertion sequence can be described as turns working in a conversation to indicate certain purposes. They are found between the adjacency pairs. They can be identified throughout the breaking up of the adjacency pairs. The paper focuses on the differences and similarities in English and Arabic in using insertion sequence turns ,in particular , in religious texts which are taken from the Holly Bible(the book of Exodus) and from the Glorious Quran (Al - Baqra Sura) .

" Universe of Wounds": Visions of Redemptive Apocalypse in Tony Kushner's Angels in America

Amaal Jassim Muhammed

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 37-56

AbstractApocalypse is evoked by Tony Kushner in Angels in America in order to suggest the necessity of the ends and the redemptive effects those ends may have in the lives of alienated individuals. The play functions as a reminder of catastrophes: AIDS, racism, homophobia, sexism, moral erosion and drug addiction. These are the plays' most obvious examples of the imminent end of history and of America as a nation. These calamities act as a revelation uncovering the catastrophic breakdown in every area of the American politics and culture. These images of the end ignite Kushner's anxiety about radical and possible transformation or redemption of the condition of life in America in the coming Millennium. This is what the present paper attempts to explore. Turning and turning in the widening gyre The falcon can not hear the falconer; Things fall apart; the center cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world. (W.B. Yeats) In these famous lines from The Second Coming the world is on the threshold of an apocalyptic moment. The concept of centrality which is used as a signifier of order, structure and coherence is unable to hold. The world, then, must brace itself for the loosing anarchy and chaos. Here Yeats describes an apocalyptic vision in which the world collapses into anarchy because of an internal flaw in humanity.