Volume 12, Issue 3, Summer 2009, Page 7-270


REVOLT AND RESIGNATION IN SOPHOCLES' AND ANOUILH'S PLAYS ANTIGONE

Hind Ahmed al-Kurwy

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2009, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 69-80

ABSTRACTThe present study aims at investigating the two themes of Revolt vs. Resignation in two plays of the same title Antigone: one by the classical dramatist, Sophocles (496-406 BC.), the other by the modern French dramatist, Jean Anouilh (1910-1987). The study focuses on the way Sophocles has elaborated these two themes uniquely in his own time. Moreover, the study sheds a light on Anouilh's reworking on Sophocles' play concerning themes and characterization to criticize modern political and social issues that affected France and the world during the forties of the 20th century. In sequence, the conclusion sums up the major findings of the study

Requesting Strategies in English and Arabic A Contrastive study

Dhia J. Essa Al-Fetlawi

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2009, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 37-56

AbstractModern approaches have been appeared and their airs are in using modern strategies for teaching like (Murder) strategy.The aim of This study is to know the effect of using the murder strategy in the teaching and to achieve the performance forth year students of physics department and to ascertain of the research hypothesis which includes that there is no difference having strategy guidance at level (0.05) between the middle of the experimental group grades which are studied according to murder strategy and between the normal standard group which is studied in normal way . The research sample composed of (62) students and the it is has been conuded that the experimental group which is studied according to the murder strategy and the achieving of its degree middle was (53.281) is more superior than the normal standard group and the achieving of its degree middle was (41.466).the two researchers recommended to make gvidiny sessions for teachers to see this strategy and they also suggest carryiy out similar studied on other sample as well as making comparison study between the brilliant and delaged students in studying

A Linguistic Analysis of Understatement

Rajaa; M. Flayih

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2009, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 57-68

AbstractThis study deals with the linguistic analysis of understatement. Understatement is a figure of speech which deliberately expresses an idea as less important than it actually is. To explain this device ,its various linguistic aspects are explored. Syntactically, the fact that this device is mainly triggered by negation is highlighted. The semantic perspective sheds light on its uninformativity and the pragmatic one is elucidated by examining Grice's theory of conversational implicature and cooperative principle. Understatement will be explicated as a manifestation of a violation of Grice's maxim of quantity. The relation between understatement and irony on one hand and politeness on the other will also be given. The practical part includes certain texts extracted from various books of the New Testament in the Holy Bible, namely: Mark, Luke, Acts of Apostle and Corinthians. The study ends with some concluding remarks.

The Pragmatics Impact on Semantics with Reference to Relevance Theorists' Explicatures, and Bach's Implicitures

Angham abdul kadhum Al-Rekaby

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2009, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 7-36

AbstractFor a period of time long enough to be considered, language philosophers, linguists, and scholars think that albeit semantics and pragmatics are two fields concerned with meaning, yet each works in a way departs from the other. Thus, whereas 'what is said' is the mere field semantics deals with taking into account the truth-conditional meaning of it, pragmatics deals with 'what is implicated' or how it is said only. For this reason it seems that there is no interface between both. But contemporary pragmatists, although they admit the distinction between semantic and pragmatic meaning ,they believe that there is an interface between both, in particular there is a pragmatic impact on the semantic meaning . This impact has been tackled differently by different theorists, linguists, researchers , etc. What distinguishes the present study is that it aims at investigating that impact in relation to two accounts :the relevance theorists' Explicatures and Bach's Implicitures in order to see the relation between both ,on the one hand , and in which respect pragmatics influences semantics and how? on the other.Therefore, it is argued that albeit the outcome of the pragmatics impact on semantics takes different labels, like: explicatures or implicitures, and different types, yet they are roughly similar in different domains and their difference in most cases is a matter of terminology . Consequently, explicatures and implicitures almost lead to similar propositions. Therefore, to certify these hypotheses, the study falls into two parts. It starts with a brief theoretical framework to overview the pragmatics role over the semantic meaning ;in particular discussing how the pragmatic elaboration can affect 'what is said ' taking into account the relevance theorists contribution to explore explicatures , and Bach's role in finding out implicitures; and the overlapping between both . The other part displays a practical application of what has been presented theoretically. So, Frank Stockton's short story 'Love Before Breakfast', is analyzed to experience Sperber and Wilson's table of comprehension procedure to arrive at explicatures and implicated conclusions .Then Bach's implicitures are experienced regarding the different types and sub-types of implicitures. The study concludes that there is a relation between Explicatures and Implicitures in different domains