Volume 11, Issue 1, Spring 2008, Page 7-342


THE ECHOES OF IBSENISMIN STRINDBERG’S DRAMA

Mithal Madlool Chilab

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2008, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 73-92

ABSTRACTHenrik Ibsen (1828-1906) and August Strindberg (1849-1912) are two modern dramatists who belong to different nationalities (the first is Norwegian and the later is Swedish), but they are almost alike in tackling social subjects. Both playwrights’ drama have been characterized by a powerful style and coloured by didactic and psychological impulses that make Ibsen’s theatre as well as Strindberg’s a mirror that reflects the reality of modern life in general and modern woman in particular. Actually, Ibsen, the father of modern drama, and Strindberg, the highly controversial figure in modern dramatic literature, are two Scandinavian dramatists who join their hands in many aspects and reflect their hostility in others. It is true that each one has his uniqueness and significance in the development of modern drama in particular and modern literature in general and it is equally true that the interpretation of one’s work is done with a reference to the other’s. In brief, Ibsenism is the modern dramatic school whose initiator is Ibsen and strindberg is one of its talented students

Interpreting Idioms By Efl Learners

Angham Abdul Kadhum Al-Rekaby

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2008, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 59-72

AbstractAn idiom refers to an expression whose meaning cannot be deduced in relation to the combination of its units. The aim of the present study is to develop an account about the difficulty the English as a foreign language(EFL) learners encounter in interpreting and comprehending English idiomatic expressions, the ratio of correctness and mistakes they commit, the difference according to the type of the college whether colleges of Arts or Education, ,and the effect of the kind of idioms on their interpretation .It is argued that there will be some difference between the learners of colleges of Arts and of Education in interpreting idioms in favor of the former ,since their study is much more concerned with literary subjects which are full of idiomatic expressions, in addition there is little focus on Arabic subjects. The study is grounded into two main sections . The first ,is a literature review of idioms tackling some definitions of the idiom, its main characteristics, types , fields and its relation to some other concepts like lexemes and collocations .The second , is the practical representation of this study Finally, the study concludes with some findings and suggestions .

The Speech Act of Compliment:A Theoretical View

a Kadhim Jibreen; Dr.Maysa

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2008, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 7-20

AbstractThe study of expressive speech acts has received a great deal of attention by linguists, philosophers, and researchers since they reflect psychological states of the speaker specified in the propositional contents. Each speaker may find himself /herself tending to express approbation many times daily about hearer's appearance, behaviour, skill…etc. ' Compliments ' are common features of everyday discourses due to their great number offered and received.The present research aims at: 1. Examining the theoretical views adopted by linguists, philosophers, and researchers concerning:a. Definitions, types, classifications and strategies of compliments speech acts.b.The defining properties that distinguish compliments acts from other related acts.c.The syntactic, semantic and pragmatic structures of compliments.2. Arriving at different and to some extent new theoretical views from those presented in (1) especially those concerned with syntactic and pragmatic structures

Lack of Coherence in Hamlet's Madness Scenes:A Pragmatic Analysis

Sami Basheer

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2008, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 47-56

AbstractThe present work falls into four in addition to an introduction and an conclusion sections, the first of which is to shed light on the Shakespearian linguistic contributions showing the possibility of the co-occurrence of certain linguistic phenomena from literary works to be familiarized among language users.The second section is devoted to tackling the notion of pragmatics where it is concerned with studying the communicative and implied meaning. Its goal is to manifest how to bridge the gap between sentence meaning and that of the speaker. This section also shows the similarities and differences between pragmatics and discourse analysis as a way to discuss the notion of coherence. While the third section is to define coherence. To produce coherent utterances, the speaker is expected to ensure that his utterances stand in a way or another to the preceding and following ones. Recognizing such a relation is important for its successful comprehension in communication. To analyse the sense of coherence in Hamlet's utterances, the researcher adopts Grice's 'cooperative principle' as a pillar upon which data analysis is built.

The Meaning Making Binarism: A StructuralistApproach to Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea

Lecturer. Basim Neshmy Jeloud

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, 2008, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 21-30

AbstractBinary oppositions are fundamental to structuralist thought which enjoyed a wide application in different fields of life. One of the most important fields is literary language since this language is the most intricate means of conveying meanings (literary meanings). Within a single text, meaning is expressed only rationally, and structuralists and semioticians look for certain internal structures asking what the categories are within which meaning is expressed and how they are organized. Moving beyond the level of sentences to larger units of speech and writing, structuralism identifies the underlying structures shared by the individual surface manifestations of a system. The reader, due to this structuralist orientation, can detect certain binary pairs in order to unravel the possible meaning of literary texts. This discovery of the binary oppositions is one of the central strategies of reading and interpretation. Thus binary oppositions are signs (codes) to be unraveled (decoded). This strategy of discovering binary oppositions in texts is crucial to detect the symbolic quality of certain texts. Symbols can be organized into pairs and sets. Thus, as applied to literature, structuralism is the study of underlying patterns and directions implied by the way language is used in a given literary text. It provides not only a theory but also a mode of practical criticism.The above challenging meaning-finding strategy can be followed in the process of reading Earnest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea, for this Nobel-winning piece evinces so many hidden meanings that can be fathomed scrutinizing the surface structure.