for humanities sciences al qadisiya,
2018, Volume 21, Issue 1, Pages 253-368
AbstractImam Al-Baqir (Peace be upon him) enjoyed a high scientific reputation, from all the Muslim and Christian sides whom the Imam had met, and that the Muslims - non-Shiites - had confessed to him the scientific virtue, sharp intelligence and mental acumen, and took from his sciences, The scholars have come to him from all directions, aiming at the city, to listen to his knowledge and his speech. The Imam has fought a great deal of debate with the scholars' diaries such as Hasan Al-Basri and Mu'tazil .
Since his era was a period of political turmoil, he moved away from the authoritarian reality and turned to the dissemination of science as the first means of bringing about change in societies. However, the authority was devising his plots, and the extremists who appeared in this period from the history of Muslims had the effect of confronting them. But they continued to lie to him, and they narrated narrations that make the imams God's sanctification as Kalkissani, and gave them superhuman qualities supernatural forget the Koran and its signs that make the absolute science of God, and that any qualities above human is a kind of involvement. This shows that the life of the Imam was harsh and difficult. It is a reality between the power of the brutal Umayyad authority and the ignorance of the people, who were in some cases behind the exaggerated movements that harmed the doctrine of Ahl al-Bat ( peace be upon them ).
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