for humanities sciences al qadisiya,
2018, Volume 21, Issue 1, Pages 31-60
AbstractIn the personality of Imam Abu Jaafar, peace and blessings be upon him, all the qualities that have enabled him to lead this nation have been distinguished. This man is superior to him. Imam Muhammad ibn Ali al-Baqir (peace be upon him) was a collector of humanities in his biography and behavior. He was worthy of the great imamate after his father Zayn al-Abidin (peace be upon him).
His childhood began, peace be upon him, in the midst of the hell of the successive events against the lovers of the people of the house, while the Umayyad rule, it suffered a lot of peace. And saw the rule of Abd al-Malik and al-Walid and Hisham his sons, and saw the course of the pilgrims Ibn Yusuf, this wolf of the wolves of hell, saw the siege imposed on his father Galilee, saw how people move full freedom; say what they want and write what they want, but the people The Prophet's house is forbidden to them, and people do not dare to approach the imam's home, or ask him about any question, whether religious or otherwise, except because Zine El Abidine is the son of Hussein and the grandson of Ali ibn Abi Talib. Despite these severe restrictions, there were men who believed, not paying attention to the orders of the rulers.
Imam al-Baqir (peace be upon him) was the destination of scholars from all the countries of the Islamic world. And he visited the city only one of the lame on his house takes from the virtues and sciences, and was intended by senior men of Islamic jurisprudence, such as Sofian revolutionary and Abu Hanifa. Narrated by the parameters of religion; the remains of companions and faces of the followers and heads of Muslim scholars.
He referred to such a senior narrator of that era, Abdullah bin Ata, saying: "What I saw scientists when one, the youngest of them note of Abu Jaafar, I saw the rule bin Ateiba him - a scientific figure known at that time - with His Majesty In the people in his hands, as if he were a boy in the hands of his teacher. " Despite these tragic circumstances, Imam al-Salam (peace be upon him) managed to educate many scholars, scholars and interpreters, as Muslims from all parts of the Islamic world had condemned him in a way that was not analogous to him. He did not live isolated from the events of the Islamic arena, and Imam al-Baqir fought a bitter struggle against The deviant beliefs that were active in his time, and contributed positively to the public awareness against these intellectual and ideological deviations, and to move their consciences and seek to elevate them and revive their dignity by material and moral giving, such as their great fathers and great-grandfathers, and did not limit them to worship and piety, patience, The proud role model for the generation that lived during all the generations that followed, this is a great personal honor of the analysis dealt with the lesson so deliberately researchers to address this great personal four axes.
1 - the ethics of Imam Baqir (peace be upon him).
2 - Imam and his role in reforming the Islamic nation.
3 - Imam al-Baqir and the fact that he was in Karbala.
4 - Imam al-Baqir when Sunni scholars and orientalists.
The researchers reached a set of recommendations at the end of the research.
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