for humanities sciences al qadisiya,
2018, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 11-48
AbstractThe fittest option is considered one of the syntactic evidence that is attached to the syntactic origins. Abul Barakat Al-Anbari has attached it to measurement, defining it by saying, "as for the fittest inference, it is to be evident -in the branch- the meaning to which the judgement is related in the origin plus an addition". He noticed that the fittest is a verbal inference based on relating the branch to the origin, if the branch includes the meaning contained in the origin plus an addition. But the inference of this evidence according to Radhi-iddin Al-Istrabadi revealed that it is not limited to the origin and branch, as it might be between two extremes, which have no relation with the origin, and the branch. Thus we can define it as "a judgement originated from verbal inference between two extremes having a common phenomenon, proved for one of them while existing in the other extreme plus an addition. This is to prove the judgement for the second extreme when it is proved for the first, or to remove the judgement from the second extreme when not existing in the first. Then, its existence or non-existence in the second extreme would be fitter than the first because of that addition."
I have used morphology a field to study the fittest. I have chosen the transformations of the internal structure in Sharh Al-Shafiya from the morphological phenomena, to be a domain for applying this evidence and revealing it reality.
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