Volume 21, Issue 3, Autumn 2018, Page 11-512


"Spiritual Intelligence and its relationship to Personality Traits of Students of Religious Sciences"

for humanities sciences al qadisiya, Volume 21, Issue 3, Pages 337-390

Based on the justifications of the current research ,so it necessary to discuss the spiritual side in the real movement of Iraqi society, under the current circumstances and its relationship to the most important characteristics of human personality which represents as personality traits and factors, as well as other justifications ,the objectives of the current research focused on the study of the correlation between spiritual intelligence according to the theory of( David King 2008), and personality traits according to the model of the big five factors of (Costa & McCrae,1992), as the following :
- Identify the spiritual intelligence of the students of religious sciences
- Identify personality traits of the students of religious sciences.
- Identify the significance of the statistical difference of spiritual intelligence of the students of religious sciences according to sex variable (male/ female).
- Identify the significance of the statistical difference of personality traits of the students of religious sciences according to sex variable (male/ female).
- Identify the significance of the statistical difference of the Correlation relationship between spiritual intelligence and personality traits of the students of religious sciences.
- Identify the significance of the statistical difference of the linear relationship between the spiritual intelligence and personality traits of the students of religious sciences.
The study population includes Muslim students of religious sciences at college of jurisprudence/ Kufa university in its departments (Quranic sciences, Aqidah, Fiqah and Hadith science) and college of education/ Al-Qadisiyah university/ department of Quranic sciences, male and female students, morning study for the academic year( 2018- 2017).
In order to achieve the study goals, the researcher adopts the following:
1- The researcher adopts the scale of spiritual intelligence according to David King's theory of spiritual intelligence. The original form of the scale consists of (24) items distributed on four situations: critical existential thinking, Personal Meaning Production, transcendental awareness and Conscious State Expansion). The researcher adds an item for the original scale regarding the item of critical existential thinking according to the views of the jurors. Therefore, the scale includes (25) items. The researcher extract the scale psychometric characteristics and confirms its translation validity.
2- The researcher adopts Costa and McCrae's,1992, translated by Al-Ansari, 1997, the major five factor model has been adopted by the researcher. The scale includes (60) items distributed on five factors (Neuroticism, Extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and consciousness). Each factor consists of (12) items. The researcher extract the scale psychometric characteristics.
The scale of the study (Spiritual intelligence and personality traits) has been applied on a sample of (375) female and male students of the religious sciences students who are chosen by using stratified random sampling of proportional allocation from the students of the college of jurisprudence/ Kufa university in its departments (Quranic sciences, Aqidah, Fiqah and Hadith science) and college of education/ Al-Qadisiyah university/ department of Quranic sciences.
After analyzing the results of data ( response of the sample) using SPSS, the final results are:
• The students of religious studies have spiritual intelligence less than the virtual mean of the scale, with statistical significance in favor of (virtual mean ).
• There are no differences of statistical significance in the spiritual intelligence and its four dimensions (critical existential thinking, Personal Meaning Production, transcendental awareness and Conscious State Expansion) for the students of religious sciences according to sex variable (male/ female).
• The population of the study tends to neuroticism, Extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and consciousness according to sex variable (male/ female) in favour of female students.
• There is a negative correlation of statistical significance between spiritual intelligence and neuroticism, but there is positive correlation of statistical significance between the spiritual intelligence and (extraversion, openness to experience and consciousness). There is no correlation of statistical significance between agreeableness and spiritual intelligence of the students of religious sciences.
• The neuroticism and consciousness contribute to the of spiritual intelligence of the students of religious sciences.
• There is no role for extraversion, openness to experience and agreeableness in spiritual intelligence of the students of religious sciences.
To complete the requirement of this research, the researcher reached at a set of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions.
.